Cybersecurity is defined as a process of protecting and recovering networks, devices, and programs from any type of cyber attack. These attacks mainly target at accessing, changing, or by destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.Other cyber crimes include things like “revenge porn,”stalking using internet, harassment, bullying, and exploiting child sexually.Terrorists collaborate on the internet, moving terrorist activities and crimes into cyberspace.
IMPORTANCE OF CYBERSECURITY
In today’s connected world, everyone get benefits from advanced cyber defense programs. At an individual level, a cybersecurity attack can result in everything from identity theft, to extortion attempts, to the loss of important data like family photos. Everyone is dependent on critical infrastructure like power plants, hospitals, and financial service companies. Protecting these and other organizations is essential to keeping our society functioning.
Everyone also benefits from the work of cyber threat researchers, like the team of 250 threat researchers at Talos, who investigate new and emerging threats and cyber attack strategies. They reveal new vulnerabilities, educate the public on the importance of cybersecurity, and strengthen open source tools. Their work makes the Internet safer for everyone.
TYPES OF CYBERSECURITY THREATS
There are many types of cyber threats that can attack your devices and networks, but they generally fall into different categories.The categories are attacks on confidentiality, integrity, and availability.
Attacks on confidentiality. These include stealing your personal identifying information and your bank account or credit card information. Many attackers will use and sell it on the dark web for others to purchase and use.
Attacks on integrity. In this cyber criminal will access and release sensitive information for the purpose of exposing the data and influencing the public to lose trust in that organization.
Attacks on availability. The aim of this type of cyber attack is to block users from accessing their own data until they pay a fee or ransom.
Cyber threats basically fall into the three categories listed below:
Ransomware, Ransomware is a type of malicious software. It is designed in such away that it could be used to extort money by blocking access to files or the computer system until the ransom is paid.
APT s (Advanced Persistent Threats), a type of attack on integrity, are attacks where an unauthorized user infiltrates a network undetected and stays in the network for a long time. The intent of an APT is data stealing and not harming the network.
Phishing, Phishing is defined as the practice of sending fraudulent emails that resemble emails from reputable sources. The aim of phishing is to steal sensitive data like credit card numbers and login information. It’s the most common type of cyber attack.
Malware, also known as malicious software, is a type of attack on availability. It refers to the software that is designed to gain access or damage a computer without the knowledge of the owner.
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF FROM CYBER CRIME
Some basic precautions that should be exercised while using internet are
By using a full-service internet security suite, For instance, norton security provides real-time
protection against existing and emerging malware.
Keeping software updated,this is especially important with your operating systems and internet security software. Cyber criminals generally use known exploits, or flaws, in your software to gain access to your system.
Managing your social media settings, and by keeping your personal and private information locked down. Social Networking cyber criminals can often get your personal information with just a few data points, so the less you share publicly, the better.
Trusted sites should be only be considered when providing your personal information. A good rule of thumb is to check the URL. If the site includes “https://,” then it’s a secure site. If the URL includes “http://,” — note the missing “s” — avoid entering sensitive information like your credit card data or Social Security number.
Don’t open email attachments or click links in emails from unknown sources. One of the most common ways people are attacked is through emails disguised as being sent by someone you trust.
BUILDING A GOOD CYBER SECURITY TECHNOLOGY
Developing IT infrastructures should be built around progressive security systems. While the landscape of network technologies has changed through the assets like cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT), keeping data protected is getting more challenging than ever before. To make sure that data security is must for your corporation, building a cybersecurity strategy that matches with your particular ecosystem, responding to all possible threats and vulnerabilities ,will contribute.
The development of a clear data protection policy is a meticulous process that should cover the following steps:
Identifying the cyber threats,If you understand the key vulnerabilities of your infrastructure, you can build a targeted strategy for protecting company information.
Give preference to private servers,You can protects client data by storing it on private servers not connected to the internet preventing unauthorised access.
Use system update strategy, Regular and timely updates of your software can help you avoid getting into a trouble.
Conducting staff training, When it comes to cyber security, technology isn’t always the major concern. Due to unpredictable nature of human , your own staff can be a big threat to the security of company data.
Starting from senior specialists to juniors, train your employees on the matters of cyber security that are relevant to company infrastructure.
Set up protective monitoring and create a comprehensive response plan, to keep company information secure, understanding your cyber security strategy isn’t enough. Your team has to be on the alert every day, deterring possible threats and being ready to take the right measures in case some attack breaks your defense.
Creating and properly maintaining a secure information infrastructure within a company is the key to protecting your assets. With network technologies changing rapidly, it’s critical to keep your eyes open for possible cyber threats. A planned solid cyber security strategy, aligned with your company mission, is the one that reflects system vulnerabilities, sets clear instructions for your staff, and determines detailed response planning.
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